“Romulus Vuia” National Ethnographic Park
Besides the pavilion section, housed in the Reduta Palace on no. 21 Memorandului Street, the Ethnographic Museum also includes an outdoor section. It is the “Romulus Vuia” National Ethnographic which is the first outdoor museum in Romania, founded on June 1, 1929.
With an initial area of 75 hectares, the park was designed by the ethnographer Romulus Vuia to fit the original rural households, inhabited by peasants.
Between 1929 – 1940, several buildings were transferred to the ethnographic park: Casa din Vidra, Troita din Lupsa, Gospodaria din Telciu, and, surprisingly perhaps, a sheepfold from Poiana Sibiului with a shepherd and 75 sheep. Also now it opened and the museum restaurant, Gaudeamus.
Unfortunately, World War II brought the destruction of most of the ethnographic park’s buildings which few buildings remaining at the end.
Nearly 10 years afte the war, an innovative reconstruction was undertook with a theme for the park, partly abandoned due to some obstacles. Adjusting the plan allowed for work to be completed:
1. Technical sector – including technical installations and peasant workshops from the XVIII-XX centuries
2. The traditional peasant sector – representative ethnographic areas of Transylvania, with more building dated the XVII-XX centuries.
Among the ethnographic park’s sights of interest, include wooden church from the village of Chirales, jud. Bistrita-Nasaud, handicraft from Preuteasa and Harnicesti, a kiln for burning lime from Baba, blacksmiths from Rimetea and Varzari along with many other objects of the peasant household, each coming with its own charm and characteristics.
The Romulus Vuia National Ethnographic Park is an oasis of calm in a city growing in a century of speed and progress at any price. Here, time is “slower” and more patient. Here, you break from everyday life and dive into a world of flowers, field of wooden houses with porches, walnut and apple trees that hide you from the sun’s heat in summer and become works of art in winter …